CITED REFERENCES 2017-06-21T15:23:21+00:00

Cited References

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Biewener AA, Full RJ. 1992. Force platform and kinematic analysis. In Biewener AA (ed). Biomechanics – Structures and Systems. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 45-73.

Diogo R, Potau JM, Pastor JF, de Paz FJ, Ferrero EM, Bello G, Barbosa M, Aziz MA, Burrows AM, Arias-Martorell J, Wood BA. 2013. Photographic and Descriptive Musculoskeletal Atlas of Chimpanzees. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, NY

Hylander WL, Johnson KR. 1993. Modelling relative masseter force from surface electromyograms during mastication in non-human primates. Archs oral Biol 38:233-240.

Jungers WL, Meldrum DJ, Stern JT Jr. 1993. The functional and evolutionary significance of the human peroneus tertius muscle. J Hum Evol 25:377-386.

Kamen G. 2004. Electromyographic Kinesiology. In Robertson DGE, Caldwell GE, Hamell J, Kamen G & Whittlesey SN (eds). Research Methods in Biomechanics. Human Kinetics, Champaign, pp. 163-181.

Larson SG, Stern JT Jr. 1987. EMG of chimpanzee shoulder muscles during knuckle-walking:  problems of terrestrial locomotion in a suspensory adapted primate. J Zool Lond 212:629-655.

Larson SG, Stern JT Jr, Demes B, O’Neill MC, Umberger BR. 2014. Individual muscle function in chimpanzee bipedalism: I. EMG patterns.  Am J Phys Anthropol Suppl 58:165.

O’Neill MC, Lee L-F, Demes B, Thompson NE, Larson SG, Stern JT Jr & Umberger BR. (2015). Three-dimensional kinematics of the pelvis and hind limbs in chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) and human bipedal walking. Journal of Human Evolution 86, 32-42.

O’Neill MC, Lee, L-F, Larson SG, Demes B, Stern JT Jr & Umberger BR. (2013). A three-dimensional musculoskeletal model of the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) pelvis and hind limb. Journal of Experimental Biology 216, 3709-3723.

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Stern JT Jr, Larson SG. 1993. Electromyographic study of the obturator muscles in non-human primates: Implications for interpreting the obturator externus groove of the femur. J Hum Evol 24:403-427.

Stern JT Jr, Susman RL. 1983. The locomotor anatomy of Australo­pithecus afarensis.  Am J Phys Anthropol 60:279‑317.